Arthritis

Whats is arthritis?

Arthritis is a term that refers to a group of more than one hundred rheumatic diseases and other conditions that can cause pain, fatigue, stiffness and especially swelling in the joints. The main thread among these conditions is that they all affect the musculoskeletal system and especially the joints.

One of the most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis (OA), which usually affects elderly patients. It can lead to joint weakness, instability and often can interfere to do the most basic daily tasks such as walking, climbing stairs, using a computer keyboard, cutting your food or even brushing your teeth. Although it is important to remember that if you suffer from arthritis this doesn't mean that you have to give up having an active lifestyle. You only need to make some changes in your lifestyle, but there is no reason why you can't continue being active.

arthritis

What causes arthritis?

It is a disease, which can be caused by a lot of factors:
  • Age - arthritis for elderly people mostly causes cartilage, because its capability to repair on its own becomes lesser.
  • Genetics - it is still unknown how much heredity affects the risk of developing. However, there are some genetic variations, which can definitely contribute to the development of arthritic conditions.
  • Weight - it mostly affects the development of arthritis conditions in the knees and hips, as these are the most commonly affected body parts for heavy individuals.
  • Injuries - A major injury that previously occurred can play a huge role in the development of arthritis.
  • Sport - A lot of types of sports often lead to injuries and this may result to arthritis. However, these sports are also beneficial and it can outweigh the risk of arthritis development.
  • Illness or Infection - especially joint infections may also result the development of arthritic conditions.

What Are the Symptoms of Arthritis?

One of the most obvious of all arthritis symptoms are joint pain and stiffness. Joint pain and stiffness as arthritis symptoms can fluctuate, because the disease can go through stages of remission. Although, not all symptoms of arthritis are directly related to the joints. You might also experience general symptoms:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Malaise and tiredness
  • Poor sleep
  • Muscle aches
  • Tenderness
  • Stifness (stiffness in the fingers, arms, legs, and wrists occurring in the same joints on both sides of the body, especially upon awakening, may be signs of rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Weight loss
  • Muscle weakness
  • Loss of flexibility
arthritis 1

Treatment

There are several medical advices that can both ease the pain and slow down the spread of the disease and the damage it causes.

  • The medicine must be adjusted from time to time, which means it's important to visit your doctor regularly.
  • The treatment of arthritis takes great experience, since it never develops in the same way from one person to the next. It often needs to be treated by a specialist (rheumatologist).
  • Surgery can be offered if permanent deformation of the joints develops, despite medication and physiotherapy treatment.

Althoguh, some people are more interested in natural treatment than tradinional medications. There are many natural arthritis treatment options:

  • Acupuncture
  • Biofeedback
  • Chiropractic
  • Magnets
  • Massage
  • Meditation
  • Yoga

All in all, you must to know that an effective arthritis treatment regimen can help manage the disease. There are many treatment options which you should know about. Over time, you may try several different treatments and change your treatment plan. Finding the best treatment for you can be a long process.

 

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