Rotavirus (rotovirus)

Rotavirus (rotovirus)

Rotaviruses are the group of viruses belonging to the family Reoviridae, the genus Rotavirus, clustered in the subgroups A-E, each of them divided into several subtypes. Only subtypes 1-4 of the subgroup A are dangerous for human-being. According to Wikipedia, approximately 18 million people become ill each year in the world, however not all cases are diagnosed.

It is a virus parasitizing mainly in the intestine and causing the inflammation of stomach and intestine - Gastroenteritis. Rotavirus is transmitted by the oral-faecal route, i. e. via contact with dirty hands, contaminated things, food, water. There is also a possibility of getting the virus from an infected person who is sneezing and coughing. The incubation period lasts for 1-3 days. Domestic pets or other animals cannot infect people, as rotavirus species spreading among them are not dangerous for human-beings. Large quantity of rotavirus (rotovirus) is excreted with faeces of the infected person up to 5 days from the beginning of illness, but no longer exuded during 7-10 days. The rotavirus is rather resistant to the external environment: it may remain active on the things and in the water for 10 days, whereas on the hands for 4 hours. Minimum quantity of rotavirus (roto virus) in the food, water, on dirty hands or things, that little children like to put into mouth, is enough for becoming infected by the rotavirus intestinal infection. Micro particles of faeces may also get into the air, and together with dust pass into a kid's nasopharynx.
Moreover, rotavirus (roto virus),
as well as flu virus, is more resistant in the cold season. Possibility of being infected by rotavirus increases from November to April as most of the time is spent in the closed space.
Children from 9 months to 5 years old are affected by rotavirus infection more often as they get infected from one another in the collectives, medical institutions, nursery schools.

Rotavirus (rotovirus) disease

Usually the rotavirus disease has acute symptoms. The key symptoms are as follows:

  • fever;
  • vomiting;
  • diarrhea and stomach-ache.

Vomiting may be very intensive. Diarrhea may occur even 10 times per day. It is especially dangerous for little children due to progressive dehydratation in the organism. When a kid becomes ill, it is recommended to seek immediate medical attention.

Rotavirus treatment

The key rotavirus (rotovirus) treatment principle is to maintain the fluid balance in the organism.
The diet of easily digested food (porridges boiled in the water without any additions are recommended) and considerable fluid consumption (up to 1.5 - 2 liters per day) form the basis for treatment. Non-gassy mineral water may be used to restore the balance of electrolytes. Fresh fruit juice or drinks should be avoided.

Rotavirus prevention:

  • Medical preventive measures - rotavirus vaccine against rotavirus infection (rotovirus).
  • Hand hygiene. After washing hands with soap, the majority of viruses of the above origin are killed.
  • Cleanliness of rooms, things used in daily life, surfaces being touched. The most effective disinfectants are those containing chlorine. Solution of soap or soda is used for cleaning children's toys.

Indications of norovirus are similar to those of rotavirus (rotovirus), though recovery from norovirus disease is considerably easier. Physicians call norovirus the "Winter vomiting disease". It is established that most infections with norovirus are likely to originate from the consumption of infected food, and then norovirus can spread from person to person. Virus spreads very quickly, thus outbreaks of the disease often arise in the kindergartens and schools. No indications of the disease occur for more then a half of persons, infected with norovirus. Such individuals are dangerous for the surrounding people as they may transmit the disease.



Jessica says:
My 12 month old has had really bad diarhea for about a week... she is now vomiting and really cranky and she is usually always a happy lil one! I am 12 weeks pregnant and am sure she has rotovirus I took her to the ER tonight and they said they are not sure whats wrong they want samples of her stool to send to the lab.. my question is.. Is rotovirus deadly to my unborn child? I am very concerned because I also have a 3 year old lil girl and she hasnt got any symptoms yet, but i have been having stomache pains the past few days.
fara says:
When should the 1st dose and 2nd dose be given to child. Recommended age group and what if thier age is above thatthz.
Kk says:
I do not see how we can be protected using a roto virus vaccine, if there are so many roto virus strains. After you have had somewhat roto virus strain may not protect against other strains of the virus? This is how you can protect roto virus vaccine?
Aisha says:
My son is 10 years. For two days the temperature was of 39, then fell in itself and then started diarrhea, diarrhea, and already a few days more and more. We were in the hospital, said the lightweight roto virus should last for 2-3 days, but it seems unlikely. Oral medication (Linex, Smecta). But a tummy hurts ...
Jolanta says:
My son is 1 m and 8 months. Night began to vomit and diarrhea in the morning and the temperature is of four days. as well as diarrhea and vomiting. Can it be roto virus? Advise on how best to treat?
Ignas says:
Rota viral infection will get acquired immunity is only temporary and only for the same Rota (roto) virus strains. There is always a risk of infection again.
Alex says:
How long immunity is acquired, will get roto virus infection?
Sandra says:
I have Saturday and Sunday in bed treatment at a temperature of 38 and each occurring in abdominal pain. Monday the temperature dropped and the recently opened or diarrhea may be a roto virus?
Ignas says:
Symptoms similar to roto virus is present but the diagnosis should be accurate to seek medical advice. Diarrhea and temperature can be not only the Rota virus symptoms.
Kristi says:
My girl gets the same symptoms as roto virus, but it lasts almost a week already, what about you?